UN Palestinian refugee agency (UNRWA) chief Philippe Lazzarini stated that Israeli authorities are currently giving priority to the private commercial sector at the main crossing point for goods entering Gaza. According to Lazzarini, in recent weeks, the private sector has been prioritized at the inspections level, with private sector trucks being inspected before any other trucks. While acknowledging the welcome reception of private goods in the Gaza Strip, Lazzarini highlighted the desperation of most Gazans who, after seven months of war, are unable to afford goods at the current market prices. He emphasized the need for a combination of humanitarian aid and market access in Gaza.

Aid agencies have reported a significant decrease in the number of aid trucks entering Gaza through the southern crossings of Rafah and Kerem Shalom in recent weeks. The closure of the Rafah crossing due to an Israeli military operation has resulted in mass evacuation orders, compelling over 800,000 Palestinians to flee north, creating shortages and insecurity. As a consequence, UNRWA announced the suspension of food distribution in southern Gaza, including Rafah. Lazzarini stressed the need to replenish their stock to resume distribution in the south of the Gaza Strip amidst the ongoing offensive and difficult operational environment requiring coordination with the Israeli military.

UNRWA, the main coordinating body for humanitarian aid entering Gaza, reported a significant decrease in the number of aid trucks entering south Gaza since May 6. The closure and military control of Rafah has led to a shift in other routes being utilized, though new assessments are expected to provide an updated picture of the humanitarian needs in Gaza. Lazzarini pointed out that the new crossings have provided some relief to north Gaza and possibly halted the trend towards famine, but the Israeli assault on Rafah has caused a deterioration in south Gaza with potential reversal of the gains made over the past month and a half. The assault on Rafah, initiated on May 7, has raised international concerns for the safety of the civilians in the city, forcing a majority of them to evacuate.